Minimalism in Architecture
Minimalism aims to cut the use of elements of architectural composition and materials to achieve the greatest constructional and aesthetic effect. The essence of minimalism is the sharpness of the primary elements (lines, edges, surfaces, etc.). And subtle textures and colours. Continuation is the product of modernistic and earlier styles. Such as "arts end crafts" movement.
History of Architectural minimalism
Architectural minimalism began in the works of William Morris (1834-1896). He tightened the modernist principles and introduced the "total artistic work" into a design. Yet, the most significant representative of this architectural style is Ludwig Mis van der Roe (1886-1969). His minimalistic credo is "less is more". Its use in design is through reductive tendencies. To achieve simplicity, he strived to maximise
the sense of flow between the zones in the interior. The same he did with the connection of the outer and inner space. This can be seen at the Pavilion in Barcelona (1929) and at Farnsworth House in Planou, USA (1945-1951). In both cases, the reduction of details is the expression of the union of architecture and nature. The change in interpretation of this style occurred when many architects accepted it. They expressed a balance through the strict simplicity of form, surface and detail.
Characteristics of minimalism
Basic shapes and straight, clean lines are important techniques in minimalist design. And playing around with different kinds of lighting gives an elegant outcome.
Another technique is multiplying of the same feature. For example a floor with a heating unit underneath. It forms the foundation for the room and warming the room. This allows designers to create the best utility without crowding the space.
Is Minimalist Architecture Cold?
Common remark for minimalism in architecture is that it creates a cold home environment. Proponents of this style argue that the "less is more" approach gives a relaxing and calming space. In reality, it is a question of personal taste. Some people prefer grandiose architecture, while some prefer simple and clean styles.
What we do have in architecture is producing artworks and hope that the critics write nice things.